July 15, 2020
Insulin Glargine 300 Units/mL Effectiveness in Patients with T2DM Uncontrolled by Basal Insulin in Real-Life Settings in the Czech Republic
Introduction: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of Gla-300 units/mL (Gla-300) in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) uncontrolled by basal insulin in real-life clinical settings in the Czech Republic (TOPAZ study).
Methods: TOPAZ was a prospective, multi-center, non-interventional, 6-month study. Of the 312 patients screened, 289 were evaluated at month 6. The primary objective was the change of HbA1c after 6 months. The proportion of patients with HbA1c < 7.0% DCCT (< 53 mmol/mol), and those with a decrease of at least 0.5% of HbA1c at month 6, change in FPG, body weight and insulin dose at month 3 and 6 were analysed as secondary objectives. The incidence of hypoglycemia, adverse events, and patient treatment satisfaction were also assessed.
Results: HbA1c decreased significantly after 6 months (mean change 0.9% ± 1.1% DCCT [−9.9 ± 11.6 mmol/mol], p < 0.0001). HbA1c target < 7.0% DCCT was achieved in 17.6% of patients, 66.1% of patients showed mean HbA1c decrease of 0.5% ± 0.8%. At month 6, FPG decreased (mean change from baseline −1.8 ± 3.1 mmol/L) as well as the incidence of hypoglycemia decreased by 49% (p < 0.0001) while no weight gain was observed. No significant safety signals were identified.
Conclusion: In a real-life setting, switching to Gla-300 in T2DM patients uncontrolled with other basal insulin was associated with improved glycemic control and reduced risk of hypoglycemia without weight gain, while patients’ satisfaction with treatment increased.
Full article available here: https://www.scirp.org/journal/paperinformation.aspx?paperid=101047